Your colon’s main function is to help your body eliminate waste, toxins and more from your blood, intestines and lymphatic system. Without your colon’s healthy function in your body, you can become seriously ill. A colonoscopy is among the most common types of exams performed on the colon. This is an invasive exam that allows a medical practitioner to view the inside of your colon through the use of a special scope. The procedure is most commonly recommended by a medical practitioner when a patient complains of symptoms such as bloody stools or blood in the toilet bowel, pain during bowel movements, abdominal pain when not having a bowel movement or any other abnormal or unexplained changes in bowel function. A family history of certain conditions may warranty the regular use of colonoscopy procedures as an early diagnostic step.
The procedure involves probing a long tube through the anus and into the colon. A light and camera are mounted to the end of this tube to provide the medical practitioner with the ability to visibly examine the colon. The procedure is most commonly performed on a patient under conscious sedation. In order to enjoy the best diagnostic results from your colonoscopy, you do need to have a clean colon. The colon is most commonly cleaned through the patient’s use of an enema and fasting.
Through the use of a colonoscopy, a medical practitioner can more accurately diagnose a number of colon and gastrointestinal conditions. These include colorectal polyps, colon cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, colitis and more. In certain instances, a medical practitioner may be able to take a biopsy of suspicious areas found during the colonoscopy, and some polyps or suspicious areas can be removed during this procedure. Polyps are abnormal growths and some may be cancerous in nature. Because of this, they are most commonly removed and biopsied when found during a colonoscopy. Early diagnosis of many of these colon and gastrointestinal conditions can provide a patient with the best outcome possible. Because of this, you should schedule a colonoscopy procedure immediately upon receiving the recommendation from your doctor.